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Not Buying It

If “Not for Sale,” a glib put-down of the art marketplace, tells us anything, it’s that P.S. 1 needs to make some changes.


Dana Schutz's Ryan (2005), at P.S. 1.  

'Not for Sale,” the 46-person mishmash at P.S. 1, is a thankfully rare case of “When Bad Ideas Create Passable Shows.” Before we look at this slipshod exhibition, let’s consider the flawed notion that created it. Alanna Heiss, the trailblazing but here totally misguided curator, writes that “Not for Sale” contains only art that can’t be bought. Thus, the exhibition—which will be open for another week—is composed of work that artists either kept or, in a couple of weird cases, sold then bought back. By this curatorial criterion, nearly every artist on earth could be included. Heiss compounds the problem by haughtily stating that the show evinces her “unfortunate allergy” to the marketplace.

I admire Heiss enormously. Having founded P.S. 1 in 1976, she helped invent the alternative-art movement, and has kept its flame alive. But for the director or curator of an institution that relies on the largesse of artists and dealers—who in turn depend on commerce—to claim an “allergy” to the marketplace is not only smug, it’s deluded and hypocritical. This goes double if that curator’s institution, like Heiss’s, is affiliated with the Museum of Modern Art, the very pinnacle of institutional power. As if her organizational premise weren’t thin enough, Heiss’s jokey description of her curatorial process, if you can call it that, is flimsier still. She writes, “I called artists whom I know well and who happened to be at home.” Really, the show should have been called “Journey to the Center of My Rolodex” or “Friends of Alanna.”

“Not for Sale” doesn’t fizzle because most of the artists in it are millionaires or famous or both. Nor does it fail because more than a third of the work on view is less than ten years old and fourteen of those pieces are less than five years old, making you wonder how “not for sale” much of this art actually is. No, the exhibition fails because its ideas and construction are lazy.

So how does a premise this fishy and flawed produce a passable show? Well, art moves in mysterious ways. Alongside most of the pieces in “Not for Sale,” there appear statements by the artists explaining why they still own the work. These pithy descriptions allow artists’ voices to come through and almost save this show from itself. Some artists have uncanny insight into their own work. Of her de Kooning–esque painting of two people having sex, Cecily Brown rightfully notes, “The figures are more specific, the space more straightforward, and the clutter more articulated than in other paintings.” Jeff Koons is his usual cheery self-appreciative self, writing, “I have always enjoyed the way Popeye [which appears in the painting] has a dialog with different artists’ works.” Other artists flash tantalizing bits of their private lives. Dana Schutz writes of her portrait of her husband with a pouty mouth and a prominent clump of blond underarm hair, “I think he is pretty sexy.” On a less sexy note, Chris Burden simply observes, “The reason it is not for sale is because it is a photocopy.” Alex Katz is blunter still. About his portrait of the great downtown actress Kate Valk in theatrical blackface he writes, “I have nothing to replace it with.” He neglects to mention the blackface, or that it’s one of his only paintings that doesn’t quite look like an Alex Katz. Not one artist in “Not for Sale” wrote what I kept thinking: “I own this work because no one wanted to buy it.”

Which brings us back to the bugaboo of the market. Heiss is right: The market is an issue that needs examining. The feeding frenzy of the current moment is so invasive and pervasive, it’s hard to say how it eventually will have changed the ways art is presented, perceived, and produced. Is the market creating a competitive environment that is compelling artists to make good work, or is it mainly helping to foster more product? Is it a money-addled popularity contest based on greed, good luck, and connections, or is it simply allowing more artists to make money from their art without having to take full-time jobs? None of these issues are addressed in “Not for Sale.” Instead, Heiss kidnaps this important idea, then fails to develop it. Her purported allergy has become little more than bait.

As insider and inane as this show is, it indicates a larger problem at P.S.1: a distressing pattern of big, unfocused, iffy exhibitions assembled or commissioned, I’m afraid, by Heiss. Her follow-up promises to be sorrier still: an exhibition of the mediocre and often annoyingly sexist work of one-named Brazilian sculptor Tunga.

Heiss has organized over 700 shows over 36 years, and one bad one wouldn’t be a big deal. Moreover, a handful of her exhibitions were outstanding; at least one, “Rooms,” in 1976, was historic. But Heiss and P.S. 1 have to find fresh ways of being experimental. Their hippie-dippy freestyle is not only outmoded but reckless, wasteful, and corrosive, especially as contemporary art in several other important New York institutions is at a dangerously low ebb. Dia has inexcusably shut down all of its Manhattan spaces for rotating exhibitions; the wonderful New Museum remains closed for construction; and except for occasional glimmers, MoMA’s approach to contemporary art is static and conservative.

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