America’s most famous anarchist. Born in Lithuania, deported in the midst of the revolution.
Al Jolson (né Asa Yoelson)
A pioneer in Jewish entertainment, not so much in racial sensitivity.
Irving Berlin (né Israel Baline)
The son of a cantor had one memory of his Russian toddlerhood: watching his house burn down in a pogrom.
Sholem Aleichem (né Rabinowitz)
Yiddish writer behind Fiddler on the Roof.
Alexander de Seversky
Aviation developer whose company helped the U.S. gear up for World War II.
Developer of the first mass-produced helicopter, whose Connecticut company recently turned up on would-be Times Square bomber Faisal Shahzad’s target list.
Biochemistry professor, one of the greatest science-fiction writers, uncle of the creator of the Times’ “$25 and Under” restaurant column.
Daughter of Leo whose still-operating Tolstoy Foundation has helped generations of international refugees escape.
George Balanchine (né Georgi Melitonovitch Balanchivadze)
Choreographer and co-founder of the New York City Ballet.
Art director of Vogue, longtime editorial director of Condé Nast Publications.
Yul Brynner (né Yuli Borisovich Bryner)
Star of movies and Broadway musicals, most famously The King and I.
Last prime minister of Russia before the October Revolution.
Nathalie Babel Brown
Edited her father Isaac’s translated writings after he was killed by Stalin in 1939; taught at the University of Texas and the University of California.
Sometime after his dramatic escape, our first artist-defector bought an apartment in the Dakota; after his death, its contents fetched almost $8 million at auction.
Famous dissident poet kicked out of the U.S.S.R.; moved to New York in the early eighties and dominated émigré circles here.
Yakov Smirnoff (né Yakov Naumovich Pokhis)
Exiled to Branson, Missouri, for coining the catchphrase “What a country!”
Owner of the Russian Samovar, by default the city’s most sophisticated Russian nightclub.
New York’s most famous defector, ballet dancer, and recurring Sex and the City guest star.
Ballet dancer who, after leaving the American Ballet Theatre, appeared in movies like The Money Pit (along with Yakov Smirnoff).
Émigré novelist championed by Brodsky.
Semi-absurdist novelist, current standard-bearer of the immigrant literary scene.
Classically trained Moscow-born singer-songwriter.
Gypsy punk’s most recognizable name (via his band Gogol Bordello), appeared in film version of Everything Is Illuminated.
Moved to New York and became a taxi driver; by 2002, had become a real-estate billionaire.
Like Alexandra Tolstoy, the multilingual real-estate lawyer helps Russians find real-estate properties in the U.S. Unlike Tolstaya, he caters primarily to the absurdly wealthy.
Moved to New York at age 6 while her father stayed behind to become an oligarch, then, in 2004, bought Diane Von Furstenberg’s home and headquarters.
The Soviet-era conceptual artist and memoirist has spent more than a decade on Long Island.
The Londonite by way of Uzbekistan and Israel never quite made it to New York (a home in Florida is the closest he’s come), but his money did—into a sizable chunk of prized New York real estate.
Having bought the Nets, Russia’s richest man is the anti–Emma Goldman. He came not to destroy the capitalist system but to buy it. And he didn’t even have to move.