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Everything You Need to Know About Buying a Winter Coat

With more ways to bundle up than ever before, here’s a guide to everything you need to know about buying a winter coat — from what’s really in a Canada Goose to how cold-weather workers pick their outerwear, plus what makes them all warm, stylish, or, ideally, both.

A Coat That Can Answer the Phone

The future of down and denim is within reach.

Hand Warmers, But for Your Torso

8K Flexwarm Jacket
There are .5-mm. app-enabled “heating elements” on the stomach and across the back. Photo: Mark Nerys
8K Flexwarm Jacket
$250 at 8K Flexwarm

The USB-charged, iOS-connected coat, funded on Kickstarter last year, links to an app so you can program your ideal warmth. It can go from room temperature to 122 degrees in six minutes.

The Puffer That Weighs Almost Nothing

The Micro Puff
It’s under ten ounces but traps heat like a heavier jacket. Photo: Mark Nerys
The Micro Puff
$300 at REI

After sitting on the technology for a decade, Patagonia just debuted its first coat with PlumaFill. The super-warm, lab-developed insulation is made from tufted strands that leave enough dead space so the coat can compress into a knapsack.

Margaret Rhodes

A Smart Jean Jacket

Levi’s Jacquard by Google Jacket
A gadget attached to the cuff can be removed to charge. Swipe the cuff to call your mother. Photo: Mark Nerys
Levi’s Jacquard by Google Jacket
$350 at Levi’s

Google and Levi’s launched this denim jacket this year. It’s made of Google’s conductive Jacquard fabric, which, via a swipe along the cuff, can answer an incoming phone call or change the song on Spotify.

But When Will Someone Invent This?

A coat that combats the subway sweats, as dreamed up by designer Mary Ping.

The Coat That Doesn’t Exist

One that half-unzips and rests on your hips (so you can easily take your arms out and catch a breather if you find yourself overheating on the subway).

A Designer’s Solution

We turned to conceptual designer Mary Ping of Slow and Steady Wins the Race, who sketched out a compromise. “It’s basically two coats, a zip-up motorcycle jacket up top and a buttoned trench coat below that’s segmented a little above the waist so when you unzip the top, the sleeves don’t drag on the ground. I thought this could also work at department stores when you are likely to overheat, or at museums when you don’t want to wait in line for the coat check.”

Mouse over or tap the image below to read more.

A Short History of the Winter Coat

From the Middle Ages to Max Mara.

1200s

Knights wear “surcoats,” likely made of linen and often emblazoned with their personal arms, over armor to protect themselves from rain and snow. The coats have slits in the front and back to allow the wearer to ride comfortably.

1779

To cope with Canada’s cold winters, fur traders make coats called capotes from wool blankets — which are easier to sew than bison skins. In turn, Hudson’s Bay makes the first Hudson’s Bay Point Blanket.

1887

Photo: Courtesy of John Partridge & Co Ltd

John Partridge, inspired by Polish military frock coats, makes Britain’s first duffel coat, bringing toggles to the masses.

1912

Two parties claim to invent the trench: Burberry, which patents the trench-esque Tielocken in 1912, and Aquascutum, which makes a similar coat for the British military.

1940

Photo: Courtesy of Eddie Bauer

Eddie Bauer invents the Skyliner, the first quilted down garment in the U.S., based on a coat his uncle wore to keep from freezing during the Russo-Japanese War.

1968

Photo: Courtesy of Moncler

Moncler, a maker of tents and anoraks, defines après-ski style when it outfits the French ski team for the Winter Olympics in Grenoble.

1970

Photo: Wil Blanche/Sports Illustrated/Getty Images

Harlem heroin dealer Frank Lucas, a.k.a. the “Original Gangster,” wears a $100,000 chinchilla coat. He’s arrested five years later and maintains to this day that the coat is what put him on the cops’ radar.

1975

Designer Norma Kamali creates her famous sleeping-bag coat. The design was inspired by midnight runs to the bathroom on camping trips, during which she wrapped her sleeping bag around her shoulders.

1989

Olympic gold-medalist runner Diane Dixon poses in a bomber by Daniel Day, whose Harlem shop Dapper Dan’s Boutique was beloved by rappers and boxers.

1996

Prep-school gangsters make The North Face the jacket brand of choice for East Coast teens. A decade later, its popularity is undiminished: In 2005, students in D.C. are robbed of their North Faces, not cash.

2013

Photo: Jacopo Raule/Getty Images

During Milan Fashion Week, Carine Roitfeld steps out in Max Mara’s teddy-bear coat. Kim Kardashian and Rita Ora follow suit, making it the fuzzy coat of choice for fashion’s upper echelon.

2016

Photo: Timothy A. Clary/AFP/Getty Images/This content is subject to copyright.

Canada Goose’s New York flagship opening is met with animal-rights activists protesting its use of fur and down. The company shoots back, calling down “the world’s best insulator.”

2017

Photo: Yannis Vlamos/Indigital.tv

A Balenciaga model walks down the runway in what is later dubbed one of the “top trends of spring 2018” — multiple layers of coats.

—Katy Schneider

Inspecting the Innards

A closer look at the 247 pieces that make up Canada Goose’s marquee (and $1,495) Snow Mantra.

Photo: Bobby Doherty/New York Magazine

The Down
The company uses 675-fill power goose down rather than 900 or 1,000, because when considering fill power you need to consider the fabric that houses it: The higher the fill, the lighter the fabric you need in order to allow the down to loft effectively. Georgia Tech textile scientist Dr. Krishna Parachuru says, “A 675-fill power down is finer than 900-fill. When the down is finer, the space between the fibers is reduced, which keeps out cold air.”

The Lining
The linings are a combination of soft-to-touch fleeces next to the face and at the cuff and then supple but durable nylon linings to build the down envelopes.

The Hood
The brim, says chief product officer Lee Turlington, has a shapable wire that allows it to be molded tightly around the face. The hood is also padded with fur, whose natural oils, says the company, protect from frostbite. Parachuru adds: “The fur’s oil keeps it from getting cold itself, even when exposed to very low temperatures.”

The Specs
In total, 247 pieces of material go toward building the Snow Mantra; it weighs eight and a half pounds. “I won’t say it’s built like a space shuttle,” says Turlington. “But it’s quite complicated.”

The Shell
To keep the down from getting wet, the company uses an Arctic Tech polyester-cotton blend for the outer shell. Then it’s treated with a weather-repellent chemical that provides it with the ability to shed moisture. While polyester and cotton aren’t waterproof on their own, Parachuru says, he maintains that chemical waterproofing treatments are quite effective. “They can last for years and years,” he says.

The Snow Skirt
In many winter-sport garments, a snow skirt keeps wind and snow out from the waist. The Snow Mantra has an insulated snow skirt with an elasticized band that also has a tacky gripper material around it to keep it firmly set, so it’s not moving up and down.

Snow Mantra Parka
The Snowman Mantra — before we had our way with it. Photo: Bobby Doherty/New York Magazine
Snow Mantra Parka
$1,495 at Moosejaw

—Jessica Silvester

And the Ingredients of Two Other Investment Parkas

One Japanese, one vegan — both obsessively designed down to the zipper.

The Ultralight Japanese Option

F/CE’s N3B Type A
Photo: Bobby Doherty/New York Magazine

The Hood 
Detachable and lined in down.

The Shell
Made from Pliantex, a 100 percent polyester fabric designed to be both stretchy and breathable, by a small Japanese textile company called Daiichi Orimono. According to textile scientist Dr. Krishna Parachuru, the trick is combining crimped yarn with straight yarn. “The curled yarn will allow it to stretch; the untextured yarn will help to pull back its shape, without allowing air between its fibers.”

The Down 
F/CE uses white duck down from Nanga, which makes sleeping bags. “Every down feather is hand-picked from ethical down from Europe,” says the company’s Shannon Watson. “This one is 760 fill.”

The Zipper 
“You know Ziploc bags?” Watson asks. “This is a more heavy-duty version of that. It seals out water.”

Weight
2.7 pounds.

F/CE’s N3B Type A

—M.R.

The Completely Vegan Creation

Vaute Couture’s Mark
Photo: Bobby Doherty/New York Magazine

The Hood
Initially detachable, this year it was redesigned to fully attach so it fits as close to the head as possible to cut out wind.

The Shell 
Vaute founder Leanne Mai-ly Hilgart worked with a mill to develop the organic, tightly woven cotton moleskin she uses for the outer layer here. “It’s much heavier and more wind- and water- resistant than regular wool,” she says. That heaviness is what allows cotton, a naturally colder material, to compete with wool (which has natural heat properties) in terms of warmth and protection, according to Parachuru. “To make cotton water resistant, you have to make it difficult to stretch — it has to be very tightly woven.”

The “Down” 
It’s filled with layers of lightweight Primaloft, a down alternative that unlike down remains insulated even when wet. For the first time this year, the coat is filled with Primaloft Eco, a 100 percent recycled version.

Weight
4 pounds.

Vaute Couture’s Mark

—Lauren Levy

And Why Spending Under $500 Is Fine, Too

The cheapest, warmest coats vetted by the professionals.

For Men

Rab Electron Jacket
Photo: Courtesy of the vendor
Rab Electron Jacket
$325 at Jet

“This uses metallic microdots to reflect heat back to the wearer, like those marathon blankets.” Frederick Reimers, jacket reviewer, Outside magazine

Alpine Escape 550 Turbodown Parka
Photo: Courtesy of the vendor
Alpine Escape 550 Turbodown Parka
$299 at Columbia

“I’ve worn this walking the dog in single digits in Santa Fe and never felt cold. It also packs into a sack the size of a football.” Will Egensteiner, gear editor, Outside

For Women

Cold Forge Down Hoody
Photo: Courtesy of the vendor
Cold Forge Down Hoody
$299 at Black Diamond

“It’s ‘helmet compatible,’ which means it can fit over ponytails. It’s warmer than the other lightweight puffers I own.” Reily K., outward bound instructor

Nuuk Parka
Photo: Courtesy of the vendor
Nuuk Parka
$500 at Moosejaw

“This uses a non-down microloft that’s really good at trapping heat, and it has a polyurethane membrane that’s excellent at resisting moisture.” Sarah Savala, gear expert, backcountry

—L. L.

I Made Joe Namath’s Fur

And then made one for myself.

Photo: Bobby Doherty/New York Magazine
Photo: Kevin Mazur/WireImage

“We designed a coyote fur bomber jacket for Joe Namath, when he did the coin toss for the 2014 Super Bowl. It was shown on air for three minutes, but still: That was the most publicized coat ever seen in the history of the fur district. I happened to have an extra one in inventory. I decided to keep it. The next day, it was negative-six degrees and I was walking to Mr. Chow’s with the coat completely open. I felt nothing.” —Marc Kaufman, furrier as told to K.S.

Me and My Faux

Photo: Bobby Doherty/New York Magazine

“This DVF faux fur gets a lot of attention. Once someone messaged me on a dating app and said, ‘I think I saw you on the L train with a cool coat on.’ ” —Torraine Futurum, model

Photo: Bobby Doherty/New York Magazine

“This fuzzy 1970s coat has Andy Warhol’s Marilyn print all over it. It’s Betsey Johnson in her heyday, a coat that stops traffic.” —Barbara Flood, stylist

Photo: Bobby Doherty/New York Magazine

“My style is a Carrie with a Miranda rising. So I love this Shrimps coat, which comes with the broaches.” —Lauren Garroni, runs @everyoutfitonsatc

My Job Is Cold, and This Is My Coat

People who spend their days (and nights) outdoors describe the Everest outerwear and Prada outlet finds that keep them from freezing.

Meteorologist

Amy Freeze, reporter at ABC 7

Marmot 8000M Suit
Photo: Bobby Doherty/New York Magazine
Marmot 8000M Suit
$1,250 at Marmot

Coldest Moment11°F with a feels-like temperature in the single digits.

“I have to stand in every kind of weather, including being so cold I feel like I have no pants on. The warmest outerwear I own is the 8000M Marmot snowsuit. It’s 800-fill down and has Gore-Tex Windstopper fabric. They’re famous in the Mount Everest world, and I wore it for a story I was doing in Mountain Creek, New Jersey. I also have a faux-fur Calvin Klein one that I like for cold days when I’m doing just a quick forecast outside the studio.”

Calvin Klein Faux-Fur Hood Coat
$220 at Macy’s

Ice Skaters

Melissa Gregory and Denis Petukhov, program directors at Brookfield Place

Rudsak Chapais women’s puffer
Photo: Bobby Doherty/New York Magazine
Rudsak Chapais women’s puffer
$636 at Dejavu

Coldest Moment-20°F

“Everyone at the rink has those Canada Goose jackets, but we wanted something different. We can wear our Rudsaks on top of nothing more than a T-shirt and stay warm. They are heavy, but it’s easy to raise your arms up. They’re also not tight on the bottom, so we can skate around and do anything we want to with our legs.”

Rudsak Crawley men’s leather jacket
$1,186 at eBay

Doorman

Simonez Wolf, host at the Standard Hotel

Prada Down Hooded Jacket
Photo: Bobby Doherty/New York Magazine
Prada Down Hooded Jacket
$2,680 at Ssense

Coldest Moment: -13°F

“People standing in line to get into the Boom Boom Room will say things to you like, ‘Who do you think you are; I make more money than you.’ So I bought a Prada jacket. I love the pockets — they have the square pockets that are down toward your legs but also slit pockets that are up at your rib cage, which is more practical for me — to be able to put my hands up near my chest to stay warm. I got it at Woodbury Common for about $800. ”

Dog Walker

Nicholas Rodriguez, owner of Doors and Dawgs

The North Face Men’s Summit L6 Down Belay Parka
Otto’s coat is from Ralph Lauren. Photo: Bobby Doherty/New York Magazine
The North Face Men’s Summit L6 Down Belay Parka
$500 at Backcountry

Coldest Moment13°F

“I’m out for ten-hour days, with only 15-minute breaks in between walks. I wear the North Face Summit series — mine is 700 down — and, I think, the warmest for the price. But downs aren’t good for your wet-weather situations or extreme winds when you’re trying to walk along the Hudson. So I improvise. I bought a Marmot windbreaker that I layer underneath the Summit. And that way you’re protected from everything.”

Marmot Ether DriClime jacket
$100 at Marmot

Marie Lorenz, artist and creator of Tide and Current Rowboat Water Taxi

Vintage German military jacket
$25 at MilitaryClothing.com

“Being on the water is always much colder than being on land. Years and years ago, I got a German-military-issue Gore-Tex parka, probably from the ’70s or ’80s, for $30 at the Lakewood Flea Market in Tacoma, Washington. It’s warm but still fairly breathable, so if you’re moving and sweating, the heat can come off you.”

Ellen Altfest, landscape painter

The North Face Himalayan suit
$1,000 at Backcountry

“I’ve spent full days in 9 degrees painting an algae-lichen spot on the side of a rock — so I did a lot of research. All the people climbing Mount Everest, they covet this mountain suit. It makes 35 degrees feel like a crisp autumn day. And it has a little flap where you can pee.”

Max Avdeev, Russian arctic photographer

Bask khan tengri
$480 at eBay

“Where I shoot in Russia, it takes me 30 minutes to dress up in the morning to get out, and I say, ‘Wow, it’s taking so long. I feel like a girl getting dressed for the Met gala.’ My jacket looks very strange — super-oversize, with no form — but it’s warm. I never wear it when I go into Moscow.”

—J.S.

*This article appears in the December 11, 2017, issue of New York Magazine.

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Everything You Need to Know About Buying a Winter Coat