It’s no wonder that tiny babies are fussy all the time. Diaper rash is one of their most common afflictions, often due to irritation caused by raised pH levels on the skin from a dirty diaper. It can mean redness and a shiny, glazed appearance to the skin, but if it gets really bad, you may even notice boils or sores in the area.
“Ideally you’d do frequent diaper changes,” says pediatric dermatologist Britt Craiglow, an adjunct assistant professor at Yale, “but a good diaper cream as a barrier goes a long way.” There’s so much to choose from in the baby product aisle, though, that you might be confused about whether to select a fancy diaper rash cream or just stick to the basics. To find the best solutions for keeping diaper rash at bay, we talked to two pediatric derms about their recommendations, from the diapers themselves to the best baby wipes and diaper rash creams.
When a baby has bad diaper rash, the first step is to keep the area clean. The only trouble is that common baby wipes can cause irritation if they contain preservatives or fragrances, says Craiglow. As an alternative, she suggests a brand called WaterWipes since it contains all-natural, gentle ingredients. “It’s mostly water but has a tiny bit of grapefruit seed extract in it, so they’re not adding anything extra.”
Once you’ve wiped the baby’s skin clean, both experts emphasize how important it is to have a dry surface before applying diaper cream, so that you’re not inadvertently locking in moisture on the skin. “What I do with my kids at home is to take a dry cloth or towel or washcloth and pat their skin dry with it, so you’re getting off any extra moisture,” says Craiglow. Pediatric dermatologist Lindsey Bordone, an assistant professor of dermatology at Columbia University Medical Center, adds that she sometimes even recommends gently drying the area with a hair dryer, but only on the cool setting.
Diaper rash creams
When it comes to choosing a diaper cream, you might spot scented ointments or botanical salves with essential oils in them, but both experts agree that the simplest, no-frills solutions are often the best. Zinc oxide is the base of most diaper creams because it acts as a barrier between wetness and the baby’s skin, and Bordone explains that it’s so thick and white that you’ll know exactly where you’ve rubbed it in and when it’s coming off. “A typical lotion like Aquaphor won’t stick on as well as zinc oxide.”
She recommends buying a paste with a high zinc oxide content like this one, which she uses on her own children. “I bought it a couple weeks ago because my son was getting a bad diaper rash,” she says. “You can use it for chafing skin with diaper rash or other forms of wetness.”
Craiglow’s favorite is a popular diaper rash cream called Triple Paste. “It’s a much lower percentage of zinc oxide (12 percent), but it has petrolatum, and the two of them together make a really nice paste. It also contains oat kernel extract, which is anti-inflammatory. What I tell parents is to put enough on so that the baby’s butt is still white the next time they change the diaper. It’s like frosting a cake basically. And Triple Paste is nice because it comes in a jar, so you don’t have to fight with it when you’re changing a diaper.”
Even the types of diapers that you use matter. Bordone says that popular diaper brands like Pampers and Huggies tend to have a gel liner that absorbs moisture so that kids don’t have a damp diaper. “Kids that use cloth diapers,” on the other hand, “tend to get diaper rash more frequently because cloth doesn’t wick away moisture from the skin as quickly.”
Here are some Pampers options for newborns (and more info on the “super absorbent gel” in them).
“If the baby has a diaper rash that’s not getting better, it’s always good to see a dermatologist or pediatrician,” says Craiglow, but in instances where yeast is involved (you might notice some pustules or bumps along the periphery of the diaper in this case), an anti-fungal cream should do the trick. She notes that if you see “AF” on the packaging of a diaper cream, that means it already has an anti-fungal ingredient baked into it, but over-the-counter options like miconazole or clotrimazole (which can usually be found among athlete’s foot products) can be mixed with zinc oxide pastes, too.
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