In addition to introducing children to basic coding concepts, STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math) toys help kids develop a wide range of skills from critical thinking and problem-solving to the basics of engineering and the scientific method. According to Laura Phillips, a clinical neuropsychologist at the Child Mind Institute, the best STEM toys do this in a hands-on, fun, and engaging way. Both Phillips and Christian Francis, an elementary-school science teacher at the Buckley School, agree that playing with STEM toys also helps kids strengthen their frustration tolerance and promote perseverance, two skills that will help them later in life, no matter what field they go into. We asked Phillips, Francis, and two other experts for their recommendations on the best STEM toys to encourage educational fun at home right now.
Though we hear about STEM much more than we hear about STEAM, many educators consider art an honorary branch of the STEM tree. And many STEM toys, like this colorful set of pattern blocks from Melissa & Doug, combine aspects of art and math. Karen Blumberg, a math teacher at the Brearley School, recommends this and other pattern block sets like it for young children. Sometimes referred to as Tangrams, this type of dissection puzzle dates back to as early as the 1200s in China and the early-19th century in Europe. The architect Frank Lloyd Wright had a set growing up, Blumberg says. Each set comes with an assortment of thin wooden shapes like triangles, squares, and hexagons plus a handful of cards showing animals or other objects made up of smaller shapes. Children work to figure out how to arrange their blocks to match and build the picture showing on their card. Playing with Tangrams encourages spatial awareness, basic concepts of geometry, and hand-eye coordination.
All of the experts we spoke to say that regular wooden blocks are a great introduction to STEM because they’re open-ended and encourage children’s problem-solving and creative-thinking skills. Plus they get kids excited about building pretend towers, bridges, and cities, while testing the integrity of the structures they build. Child psychologist Sarah Roseberry Lytle says that research shows “building blocks are a really good way to promote early STEM and math skills.” Steven John, a Strategist contributor, tech writer, and father of two, says these blocks are a hit with his kids. For parents looking to encourage STEM thinking in young children, Lyte suggests using words like bigger, smaller, shorter, taller when playing with your kids and blocks. Once you get good enough to build a bridge with blocks (something made easier by the built-in magnets in these blocks), you can start talking about concepts like stability.