Putting together a skin-care routine can be overwhelming. From cleansers and moisturizers to sunscreens and retinols, there are dozens of potential elements that could go into your day. Before you buy anything, though, it’s important to understand your skin type and your individual needs and goals. A product that might be your friend’s holy grail could be a total dud for you if you have very different skin types — and sometimes even if you don’t. Fortunately, here at the Strategist, we’ve talked to lots of dermatologists and facialists over the years to learn which ingredients and formulas work best for all different types of skin. Based on the many recommendations we’ve gathered plus our own intrepid testing, we’ve put together a new series of routines for oily and dry skin. Next up: sensitive skin.
Sensitive skin is tricky because it can mean a number of different things. Maybe you’re prone to redness, rosacea, or eczema or maybe your skin is easily irritated by common ingredients in skin-care products. Sensitive skin might react more severely to wind, sunlight, and pollution or be prone to flakiness and itching. If your skin is sensitive in any of these ways, your best bet is to look for gentle products without any potentially irritating ingredients. Everything in our routine below is expert approved for sensitive skin (but it’s always safest to patch-test any product first to make sure it plays well with your skin’s unique needs).
Best cleanser for sensitive skin
Cleansers that leave you with that squeaky clean feeling are likely too harsh for sensitive skin, but that doesn’t mean you can’t get a gentle cleanse while washing away makeup and impurities. Makeup artist Sofiia Strykova says soothing ingredients like cucumber extract and rosewater make this Fresh cleanser “perfect for extra-sensitive skin.” She explains that it “leaves your skin toned and brightened, eliminating an extra step from your skin-care routine.” It also contains soy proteins that are rich in amino acids, which help keep skin soft.
Best vitamin-C serum for sensitive skin
From fighting free-radical damage to reducing the appearance of dark spots and wrinkles, there’s not much vitamin C can’t do. It’s powerful, and some formulas can cause redness or peeling, so dermatologist Elizabeth Tanzi recommends sticking with this lightweight serum from PCA Skin that she says can “easily integrate into a skin-care regimen” and doesn’t “cause irritation.”
Best retinol for sensitive skin
Retinol is another double-edged sword for sensitive skin. Since it speeds up skin-cell turnover and boosts collagen production, retinol is a dermatologist darling for treating wrinkles and acne — but it’s also a strong ingredient that might irritate more delicate skin types. Along with starting with a low percentage of retinol, look for a formula that is designed to be nonirritating, like this Versed serum. “This nongreasy gem is a creamy, gentle retinol serum specifically formulated for sensitive skin types and first-time retinol users,” says Hope Mitchell, founder of Mitchell Dermatology. “The duo of microencapsulated retinol and natural retinol alternatives arophira and bakuchiol deliver the best of all worlds.” It’s also free of parabens and synthetic fragrances, two other potential irritants.
Best serum for treating redness
If you’re prone to redness, dermatology nurse and celebrity aesthetician Natalie Aguilar recommends this calming serum. “It contains Aldavine [an anti-inflammatory peptide derived from algae] and bisabolol [found in chamomile] to reduce redness and hypersensitivity,” she says.