While we’re all stuck at home for the foreseeable future, now seems like a pretty good time to start that hobby you’ve always wanted to do. Perhaps you finally have the time to start a podcast with your roommates, or maybe you want to turn your showertime tunes into something a bit more professional. But until you can get into a studio (if that’s even what you want), there are a few things you can buy to help you put your project out yourself, and according to the seven musicians we spoke to, recording at home actually has some major perks.
Rapper Isaiah Faber, who produces under the name Powfu, recorded his entire upcoming EP, poems of the past, in his bedroom, because as he puts it, “I feel safe and comfortable alone — I wouldn’t know what to do if a bunch of people were staring at me.” R&B singer Giveon, who also recorded parts of his latest album, Take Time, in his home studio, chooses to record at home because it allows you to customize the space and equipment. With his producer and sound engineer Rodrigo Barahona, they handpicked everything from the best microphone to capture his soulful baritone voice to the cables that produce the highest-quality sound. Plus, as a “vibe-oriented person,” Giveon can light candles (he recommends Byredo) and create the proper mood to spark inspiration and creativity. “The vibes are almost just as important as the equipment,” he says. And rapper Kodie Shane, whose latest mixtape, Quarantine, was produced at home in quarantine with her producer, Matty P, points out another major benefit: Because the studio is right there in her apartment, she can roll out of bed and produce anytime she wants. “Producing in my pajamas is a blessing,” she says.
One thing that all seven artists and both engineers we spoke to agree on is that music is about the content, not the equipment, so buy what you can afford. You can get by for a bit using just your iPhone and GarageBand (and a podcaster could probably spend under $200), but a serious musician could easily spend $1,000 or more. While that may seem like a lot of money, some artists mention that studio time can actually cost $100 per hour, so in the long run, you might be saving money with your own equipment. Below are their picks for everything you need to start recording, whether you’re new to the music scene or a podcast star in the making.
A decent microphone is key. You could buy the $3,600 studio microphone that’s used by musicians like rapper G-Eazy and to record full orchestras, but musician and composer Dan Deacon says you can also just use your iPhone. (Kanye West says he recorded 20 percent of Jesus Is King on voice memos.) At a certain point, however, you will need to upgrade. Below are three choices for multiple budgets.
Barahona and Giveon recommend this as a budget option for artists. It’s a dynamic microphone, which means it “strictly picks up your voice and doesn’t pick up any room noise, so it’s perfect when you’re at home and maybe can’t predict the background noise,” Barahona says. But it doesn’t come with a pop filter — a noise buffer to reduce popping sounds, which is a common issue in recordings because of extra air breathing into the mic — so you might have to buy one (see our choice below).
Hip-hop producer and rapper BEAM, whose debut album, 95, was recorded in his home studio, started off his career with this microphone because it’s inexpensive but creates a decent sound, which he describes as “crazy warm and crispy.” David Longstreth, songwriter and band leader of the Dirty Projectors, explains that with a condenser microphone like this one, “you might get more detail in a voice or in the high end of a guitar.” That increased sensitivity actually makes condensers a bit “harder to work with.” It also means you have to pay more attention to the room you’re in, Longstreth says, since a condenser will pick up any ambient sound.” But if you want a crisp, clear sound — perhaps when recording a podcast — and you can find a quiet-enough room or soundproof your space (see below), this could be a good choice for you.
If you’re willing to make the investment, this is the microphone that six out of seven of our musicians recommend. Longstreth notes that it actually has a built-in pop filter, meaning you have one less thing to buy. Deacon and Longstreth add that, compared to other microphones, this one also works well for recording instruments, too, because it can record the full-range of notes coming from a guitar and the nuances of a drum. And it’s sturdy: “You can drop it, hold it, transport it, and not even worry about breaking it,” says synth-pop musician Aaron Maine, who records under the name Porches.
For podcasts and rap, you probably need a pop filter if your microphone doesn’t have one built in because it helps buffer the harder sounds that come from consonants like “p” and “t.” It will also subdue the excess noise, which is useful if you’re recording at home and were unable to properly soundproof your room.
Deacon says you can make your own pop filter with a hanger and any kind of sheer material you have laying around (Fat Mascara podcast host Jennifer Goldstein made one with “mesh anklets, a mason jar, and utility light clamps”). Or you can buy this inexpensive option.
Although our experts have different preferences for headphones, they all agree that those headphones need to be wired. “Wireless adds an extra challenge,” says Shane. “The connection can take a while, and it could disconnect right on the spot when you’re in the middle of a session or when you come up with an idea.” While you can get by with headphones you already own, popular options like Beats by Dre don’t contain the sound inside the headphone. “It bleeds into the microphone because they’re so loud,” Matty says.
Faber calls these headphones “really good for mixing,” because they don’t blow out any features in the sound, like the bass or high notes. The sound is “perfect,” he says. With open-back headphones like these, Deacon says, “you don’t get those resonant frequencies, which boost highs and lows or add sizzle. They’re just presenting you the exact sound you have.”
Shane recommends these headphones because they have “a nice cushion on them, so they don’t bother your ears.” From a production standpoint, Barahona says, “they’re really flat, frequency-based headphones, so they’re pretty transparent when you’re recording.” What you hear is exactly what you get.
BEAM has worn these headphones for hours straight without experiencing any discomfort. Although they’re not completely soundproof, the sound is crisp and clear, without any blown-out features, he says.
Maine calls the sound from these Audio-Technica headphones “really punchy” and “extra crispy,” while still being true to the actual sound of the recording.
These are actually speakers, but not just any speakers. As Deacon explains, recordings can sound different depending on what you’re listening on. A lot of speakers don’t accurately reflect the sound, so studio monitors play back a very flat, unenhanced sound. “If you mix on something that colors the sound and has a thick bass or something like that, then your mix might not actually have thick bass — it’s just your speakers,” he says.
Half of the musicians we consulted recommend these. Maine calls them “big and loud,” which allows you to experience the track differently than when you’re listening through your headphones. “You can hear some of the bass frequencies better than in headphones,” he adds. And they’re reasonably priced.
These speakers are a bit more expensive than the Yamahas (because they’re much bigger), but Shane says they’re worth the investment. They are accurate and get louder than any speaker she’s had before. “I’m really scared my neighbors are going to hate me,” she says.
This is what converts the physical sound from your microphone into digital sound on your computer. While some microphones have USB outlets that can plug directly into your computer — like the Audio-Technica microphone we mentioned — avoiding this step, most of our experts didn’t recommend them. “An interface gives you more options for recording and better quality sound from the get-go,” says Maine.